Tinnitus is the perception of sound (e.g., ringing, rushing, roaring, hissing, etc.) in the head or ears in the absence of an external stimulus.
During an initial tinnitus evaluation, a patient and audiologist:
- Assess and discuss the nature of the tinnitus.
- Review the history of the tinnitus, any hearing loss and any sensitivity to sounds.
- Discuss an individualized treatment program.
Management of Tinnitus
While there is no "cure" to completely eliminate tinnitus, many patients are able to find significant relief.
Tinnitus management options include:
- Tinnitus retraining therapy.
- Sound therapy.
- Amplification (hearing aids) and cochlear implants, when appropriate.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy.
- Meditation and mindfulness practice.
Research continues to examine the effectiveness of experimental treatments including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and acoustic coordinated reset neuromodulation.